The term "microclimate" refers to the climate of a specific and restricted zone within a larger environment, which exhibits unique thermo-hygrometric characteristics compared to the surrounding region.
The microclimate can be influenced by various factors, such as a small garden or courtyard where the presence of trees and plants creates constant shade and lowers the temperature compared to the surrounding environment, or by activities conducted indoors.
Similarly, a densely urbanized city may have a microclimate characterized by higher temperatures than the surrounding rural areas due to the urban heat island effect generated by the concentration of concrete, asphalt, and intense vehicular traffic.
Understanding the concept of microclimate becomes important for regulating the comfort of human activities and creating healthier and more functional environments.
In the case of environments such as factories, shopping malls, gyms, livestock facilities, or greenhouses, these are some of the key parameters that can influence the microclimate created within the structure in question:
Temperature can be influenced by external factors as well as the generation of heat by machinery, production processes, heating or cooling systems, and the thermal insulation of the building. It can vary considerably depending on the industrial sector, with high or low-temperature environments. HUMIDITY Relative humidity must be controlled and regulated to adapt to the specific needs of production processes and/or to ensure the comfort of workers or, in the case of livestock, the animals present.
Ventilation is essential to ensure adequate air oxygenation and proper circulation. Ventilation can be regulated using mechanical ventilation systems, such as extraction systems, or through natural systems, such as opening doors and windows that allow for air exchange.
Within an industrial and agricultural environment, it is common for emissions of pollutants such as dust, smoke, gases, or chemical vapors to occur. Controlling, reducing, and managing these emissions is crucial to ensure indoor air quality and prevent potential health risks for workers, animals, and environmental pollution.
Regulating and controlling air pressure are important parameters to ensure the proper functioning of production processes, machinery, and to create an ideal thermal comfort state for workers and animals. The correct regulation of air pressure is achieved through the use of ventilation, filtration, and airspeed control systems. In certain sectors, it may be necessary to create positive-pressure environments that facilitate the removal of contaminants to the outside while simultaneously preventing the entry of particles, pathogens, and pollutants from the outside. The higher internal pressure creates a constant airflow towards the outside, preventing the entry of these elements into more sensitive or sterile areas, especially in hospital environments and pharmaceutical industries. In other industrial processes (e.g., painting or wood processing), it may be necessary to maintain negative pressure to prevent the spread of dust or harmful substances inside the environment, which are expelled through mechanical extraction systems.
In certain industrial sectors, ventilation and pressurization systems also play a crucial role in worker safety and prevention. Proper air pressure management reduces the risk of accidents and ensures compliance with safety and environmental regulations, in accordance with Legislative Decree 15 June 2015, no. 81.
The adoption of low-energy and environmentally friendly technologies, such as adiabatic cooling systems like COLD AIR and air mixers like ELITURBO, can significantly contribute to creating an ideal microclimate in industrial, commercial, livestock, and plant production environments, including floriculture.
The use of these technologies allows for maximizing system performance, saving on energy costs, ensuring thermal comfort for workers, promoting animal welfare in livestock facilities, and reducing environmental impact.
This contributes significantly to: